“Insomnia is a variant of Tourette's--the waking brain races, sampling the world after the world has turned away, touching it everywhere, refusing to settle, to join the collective nod. The insomniac brain is a sort of conspiracy theorist as well, believing too much in its own paranoiac importance--as though if it were to blink, then doze, the world might be overrun by some encroaching calamity, which its obsessive musings are somehow fending off.”
― Jonathan Lethem, Motherless Brooklyn
What is Tic Disorder?
Tourette syndrome (TS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by multiple motor and vocal tics. It typically begins in early childhood and is considered the most common chronic tic disorder. Tic disorder is also named as provisional tic disorder in which a physical and verbal tic is present. Tic is a sudden wild development or sound that deviates from people typical signals. It additionally incorporates the illness like Tourette condition.
Tourette condition includes squinting of eyes, a shrug of shoulders and creating surprising sounds. It is more typical in males than females between the ages of 2 to 15. It is analyzed by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual 5 Edition (DSM-5). Such people have social issues because people do not want to associate with them. They are also victim of bully and judgments.
What are the causes of Tic Disorder?
Tourette syndrome or Tourette disorder, TS, or simply Tourette’s) is an inherited neurological disorder named for Georges Gilles de la Tourette, the French physician who first described the condition in 1885.
Following are the most commonly observed causes of tic disorder by specialist and the exact causes are unknown:
- Environmental factors
- Genetic factors
- Biological factors
- Psychological factors
- Social factors
- Changes in brain functions
Do you know the most widely recognized side effects of tic disorder?
You need to understand the symptoms of Tic disorder so that early diagnosis can be done. Early identification of problem allows better management and treatment results. Following are the most widely recognized indications of tic disorder:
- Eye blinking
- Touching objects
- Smelling objects
- Head jerking
- Shrug shoulders
- Mouth movements
- Throat clearing
- Producing unusual sounds
Risk factors for tic disorder
Tourette Syndrome, or Tic Disorder, is a common disorder that affects many people around the world. Every person with TS experiences different symptoms and severity of symptoms. The evaluation process for TS can take time but once diagnosed it is important to understand the lifestyle changes that need to be made in order to live as normally as possible. Although any disorder can happen to anyone but there are some factors that make you more vulnerable to particular disorders. Following are the most commonly observed risk factors for tic disorder:
- Mostly common in males
- If your family have this type of disorder so it’s a risk that you also have it
- Changes in brain functions lead to this syndrome
The onset of symptoms typically begins in early childhood, between the ages of 3 and 10 years old. Early diagnosis can help reduce associated problems, such as low self-esteem, social stigma, and anxiety that often accompany having TS. The problem with such disorders is that they make you socially undesirable and that breeds many other psychological disorders. Following are the most common complication that you may face if you have a tic disorder:
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder
- Sleep disorders
- Other mental health disorders
How doctors diagnose that you have tic disorder or not?
Following are the methodologies and techniques used by the doctors or psychiatrist are:
- Physical examination
- Psychiatric evaluation
- Asking about the symptoms you have experience
- Medical interview
- Blood tests
How doctors treat tic disorder?
Tourette syndrome is a neuropsychiatric disorder with onset in childhood, characterized by multiple motor and phonic tics. It is highly comorbid with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).
Tourette’s treatment options are available, but are not very effective. So far, medications have no definite cure for Tourette’s, as of today. But we can reduce the severity of it by using various medications to control
- Behavioral therapy
- Cognitive therapy
- Anti-seizure medicines
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