Specific developmental disorders
“What would happen, they conjectured, if they simply went on assuming their children would do everything. Perhaps not quickly. Perhaps not by the book. But what if they simply erased those growth and development charts, with their precise, constricting points and curves? What if they kept their expectations but erased the time line? What harm could it do? Why not try?”
― Kim Edwards, The Memory Keeper's Daughter
What are Developmental Disorders?
Developmental disorders or disability is a chronic or severe type of disorder in which a person has a mental or physical impairment which is likely to continue and in results, it will limit the major functions of life.
Causes of Developmental Disorders
The causes of these types of disorders are the following:
- Premature birth with low weight
- Family history of these developmental disorders
- Exposure of drug and other substance during pregnancy
- Individual differences in the parts of the brain that enable reading
Treatment of developmental disorders
Some developmental disorders can be treated by following methodologies and techniques given below:
- By consulting speech therapists
- Psychological treatment
Here we have discussed some of the specific developmental disorder:
Dyslexia is a type of developmental disorder in which a person experience problem in speaking and writing a language and it requires special teaching. The dyslexia in written language is different from the dyslexia in speaking language. It affects the children of age 5 to 12 years. A person has a problem in learning the names and sounds of letters, spelling is inconsistent, confusing the letters in words and putting wrong letters such as placed 6 in place of 9.
Dysphasia is a developmental disorder which occurs in both children and adults. This disorder is a language disorder in which a person has complications in communication and speech problems. It is due to stroke, brain tumors and lesions in the brain and also by some developmental problems. It can be treated by speech therapists, surgery and medications.
Dyscalculia is a developmental disorder in which a person has a problem in solving arithmetic skills and solving mathematics. It is due to some changes in brain functions and considered as a learning disorder. A person experience problem like difficulty in backward counting, remembering basic facts, slow to perform calculations, poor sense of numbers, difficulty in understanding place value.
It is a type of developmental disorder in which person has a problem in the articulation of sounds, inability to pronounce the sound, omission of some sounds, replacements of one sound to another, incorrect positioning of the vocal organ. It can be treated by speech therapists and medications.
Developmental coordination disorder is a developmental disorder in which a person experiences difficulty in coordination and performing motor skills and movement. In this way, a child fails to perform an everyday task.
It is important to identify developmental disorders at an early stage so that they can be managed and children can get necessary support,