Phobias and fears
"Theoretical considerations require that what is today the object of a phobia must at one time in the past have been the source of a high degree of pleasure."― Sigmund Freud, The Sexual Enlightenment of Children
Do you remember most of your childhood fears? Do they persist? Most of them do not but for some people, the case is not so easy. They may face irrational and illogical fear throughout their life which impairs their personal, occupational, and educational life.
What are Phobias and Fears?
It is a type of psychological disorder and it is persisted and causes excessive fear of an object or situation. Here we have named some most common phobias and fears which include:
It is a phobia or fear of heights.
It is a phobia or fear of flying.
It is a phobia or fear of being alone.
It is a phobia or fear of water.
It is a phobia or fear of spiders.
It is a phobia or fear of thunder and lightning.
It is a phobia or fear of blood.
It is a phobia or fear of animals.
It is a phobia or fear of snakes.
It is a phobia or fear of crowded and confined places.
It is a phobia or fear of clouds.
It is a phobia or fear of chickens.
It is a phobia or fear of beards.
It is a phobia or fear of ice or cold.
It is a phobia or fear of names.
What are the Causes of Phobias and Fears?
We grow up and start to rationalize things most of our phobias and fears disappear but there are certain reasons why for some people this phenomenon does not work so well. There are many causes of phobias some of them are discussed here:
- Specific events and traumas
- Learn responses from past
- Long-term stress causes anxiety and depression
- The problem in performing something due to fear
- It is also coming from genes and maybe learned from others
- Changing in brain functions also leads to phobias and fears
Symptoms of Phobias and Fears
Having some logical fears is normal and that is a very important survival instinct. On the other hand, when illogical fears and phobias become uncontrollable they are a psychological disorder. You need to understand their symptoms to identify that you have a problem or not. There are many symptoms of phobias and fears from all those symptoms the most common are the following:
- Responses to panic and fear
- Abnormal breathing
- Dizziness and fainting
- Cheats pain
- Hot and cold flushes
- Nausea, vomiting
- Feeling like you are choking
- High heartbeat
- Dry mouth
- A fear of dying
- Fear of losing control
- Fear of fainting
- Feeling out of touch with reality
Risk Factors of Phobias and Fears
All the phobias can develop for several reasons yet still, some factors make you more prone to its development. Some of the search risk factors are mentioned below:
- Your age (mostly in childhood)
- If you are sensitive so you can get a phobia
- Your relative has a few fears and you get it from them by learning
- Some lifetime negative events.
Complications due to Phobias and Fears
Phobia can seriously screw up your life. They can cause several other psychological and health conditions. They also make you more prone to some unhealthy habits. You are likely to face some of the major complications if you are suffering from phobias and fears some of which include:
- Social isolation
- Mood disorders
- Drug abuse
- Alcohol abuse
- Suicidal death
Diagnosis of Phobias and Fears
Doctors and psychiatric health care practitioners diagnose your phobias and fears with the help of careful observations of your behavior and activities and also by the symptoms that you are experiencing.
Treatment for Phobias and Fears
The good news is that phobias and fears are 100% treatable yet require complete devotion and dedication of the client towards the therapy. Psychiatric health practitioners and doctors can treat you by the following methods and techniques:
- Exposure therapy
- Cognitive-behavioral therapy