Overweight and Obesity
“Issues like obesity do, as you well know, have a knock-on effect to diabetes. So we all are better off if we invest early in prevention.”--Jacinda Ardern
Overweight and Obesity are characterized as excessive fat accumulation in the body which is injurious to health. Being slim is the criteria for beauty and fitness in most of the areas of the world, being fat or obese can badly impact the judgment that people have about you. Fats are an essential nutritional component and are required in a small amount for the healthy functioning of the body. Like all other things, excessive fats are bad for your health as it is identified as the cause of many other health problems.
The difference in Obesity and Being Overweight
Both obesity and being overweight are bad for your health and are more than normal fact accumulation however there is a minor difference between them both. Being overweight means that you have more than a normal fat level in your body but it has not reached a dangerously high level yet on the other hand obesity is a dangerously high level of fat accumulation.
When to Worry?
Body mass index is the worldwide accepted measure for weight. As an adult, if your body mass index is 25 or above then you are overweight and you should make minor changes in your diet and lifestyle to normalize it. However, if your BMI is 30 or above it is alarming and you must consult a nutritionist or health care professional in this regard to help you in managing it.
Reasons behind Being Overweight and Obese
As the number of overweight and obese people is increasing every day at a high rate you need to understand the reasons behind the rapid increase to help you reduce the probability of being overweight or obese and manage it if you already have a body mass index equivalent or above them. Following are the common reasons identified for making people overweight and obese:
- Eating Patterns
Eating food high in fats, carbohydrates, and sugars in large quantities and frequently is the major reason behind obesity. We all love to eat burgers, pizzas and other fried stuff but have we ever considered that we are burning those calories or not?
As life is getting busy day by day and people are depending more on technological advancement it has decreased the physical activity or time for exercise in most countries. Just imagine the effort of cleaning room with and without any electronic equipment or going to a store with and without a car you will recognize that these things have minimized the physical effort that we put into an everyday routine. The busy job life, on the other hand, does not allow people to take out time and exercise.
There is increasing evidence that metabolism is largely inherited. People that have inherited slow metabolic levels accumulate more fat in their bodies as compared to those who have a higher metabolic rate. Some medications also interfere with your metabolism and make it slower. Therefore they can also be a culprit behind your weight. Do you remember your friends who eat much more than you do but are still slim? The reason can be that they have a faster metabolic rate than you do.
Risks Obesity and Being Overweight
It has already been established that both of these things are injurious health and are major causes behind other serious health-related concerns. Following are some of those health-related concerns that can occur due to excessive fat accumulation:
- Heart problems due to fat accumulation narrowing the blood pathway.
- Joints problems due to the weight that joints carry.
- Certain cancers are found to be associated with excessive weight gains.
- The risk of diabetes is higher in fat people.
Several medications are available to help you in managing weight however they are not recommended until or unless your physician or nutritionist considers them necessary. Changes in eating and working patterns can help you out in going back to the appropriate weight. Some of those changes that you can make are outlined below:
- Diet Pattern Changes
When it comes to diet pattern changes most people would just starve. It is important to understand that you don’t need to cut down your diet in most cases you just need to reduce the foods that are fried or are high in carbohydrates, sugars, and fats. Green tea and ginger tea intake might also prove to be helpful.
- Increase in Physical Activity
Make a routine of morning walk. Initially start with walking at a normal speed, after a few days start the brisk walk and then you are ready to start jogging. This helps in increasing stamina and muscle tolerance for high physical activity that your body was not used to before. Except for that, you need to decrease using technology for tasks that you can do yourself with less effort, for example, walking to the store to buy something instead of using a car or bike. Cycling is also a good exercise. Minor exercises and joining a gym can help you too.