“Women complain about premenstrual syndrome, but I think of it as the only time of the month that I can be myself.”― Roseanne Barr
When women hit puberty they have to go through the menstruation once in a month, which is pretty hard itself. However, some women go through periods with ease and comfort and some have great pain during and before menstruation. They experience abnormal vaginal bleeding, sometimes with very high or very short periods. Their menstruation cycle can start too soon or too late. They may experience severe physical discomfort, anxiety, mood swings, and headaches. Such irregularities and discomforts in the menstrual cycle may lead to menstrual disorders.
Causes of Menstruation Disorders
The factors that may lead to menstrual irregularities can be of various types. So let’s have a view of what might be the causes behind menstrual disorders.
- Life Disruption
Life disruptions such as mental stress, excessive traveling, huge workload, loss or gain of weight, poor diet, illness, or any other disruptive change in lifestyle may bring dysregulation in the menstrual cycle.
- Birth Control Pills
Discontinuing of birth control pills affects menstruation. Some women may have irregular or missed intervals of mensuration for six months sometimes the time can also more than that after they stop taking birth control pills.
The outgrowth of the endometrial tissues from the uterus may cause irregular bleeding and menstrual cramps before and during the periods.
- Ovarian Insufficiency
The dysfunction of the ovary may also stop the menstruation. This mostly happens with cancer patients and with a family history of premature ovarian Insufficiency.
- Other Causes
Other causes may include miscarriage, anticoagulant medications, sexually transmitted infections, genetics, and uterine cancer.
Symptoms of Menstruation Disorders
For whatever the cause you suffer from menstrual cycle disorders, the symptoms you go through are the same. We have enlisted the most common symptoms but you may or may not experience all the symptoms. There is also a chance that you may experience a few additional symptoms. So here are some major symptoms:
- Low and high menstrual flow
- Absence of menstruation for months
- Menstruation bleeding exceeds seven days
- Physical pains or cramping
- Periods with nausea and vomiting
- Hormonal imbalance
- Pain in lower abdominal areas
- Painful intercourse
- Bloating in the abdominal region
- Other emotional problems
Types of Menstrual Disorders
Not all women experience the same type of menstrual disorders therefore they are classified into types. Some of the major types of menstrual disorders are mentioned below:
This condition complained by serious period pains and cramps, however, for some women, it is normal to handle and for some, it is unbearable pain. This causes serious disruption when it comes to daily life things as due to the pain you may not be able to do things effectively.
This is referred to as the state within which periods happen infrequently. You may experience irregularity in the periods they may happen too soon one time and happen too late the other time. This causes all time mental occupation that periods may happen anytime unpredictably.
- Abnormal Uterine Bleeding
As you can infer from the name that this is a disorder associated with bleeding abnormalities. You may experience frequent bleeding or no bleeding at all, excessive duration of menstruation or absence of it, and without period days having blood spot.
- Premenstrual Syndrome
It refers to the emotional and physical pain a woman experiences before her menstruation occurs every month. If you are having PMS you may be emotionally agitated and physically stressed a few days before the start of your menstrual cycle. You may also experience rapid mood swings with or without any apparent cause.
This condition includes the absence of periods, which happens in two cases
- The girl has not her menstruation after her sixteen years of age.
- A woman already menstruating stops for three or more months.
The treatment of menstruation disorders may include:
- Maintenance of Diet
Women need some balancing in their diet because proper dietary balance can help you manage any poor regulation and discomfort in menstruation. You need to check and control the diet that may cause the period cramps.
- Medical Treatment
Medication can be helpful to relieve the periods’ cramps, to control the reduction and excess of bleeding. Painkillers are usually prescribed if the pain is unbearable. Some diagnostic tests and scans may be done by the gynecologist to understand the exact cause of the problem.
In conclusion, you can take over the huge painful experience of menstruation disorders if you keep a record on your routine, and in case of any convenience, you should visit your gynecologist.