I think when I was pregnant with my first child - he's about 10 or 11 now - I first noticed changes in my skin, which can make you panic a bit. I had a bit of Melasma. - Cate Blanchett
It is a skin disorder in which some pigmentation problems occur that cause brown and grey patches that appear on the skin. It mostly affects the face making the skin disorder very prominent to other people. On the face, it is most evident on the forehead and nose. The patches are normally darker than the normal skin tone making them appear like spots. These marks are not red and they do not even cause itching or pain.
Causes of Melasma
Melasma can appear as a result of various causes. Some most common causes of Melasma are discussed here:
- Birth control pills
- Hormone therapy
- Sun exposure
- Thyroid diseases
- Hormonal imbalance
- An excessive amount of melanin
- Skin inflammation
- Cosmetic products
Symptoms of Melasma
Melasma is one of the most easily diagnosed skin disorders because it is visible and distinct from other skin disorders. There are some common symptoms of Melasma which are discussed below here:
- Discoloration of skin
- Patches on skin
- Spots on skin
- Skin looks blotchy
When to consult your doctor
It is important to consult a dermatologist at an early stage so that he can help you to recover soon and prescribe you specific medicines that can cease Melasma from spreading. If you feel any of these problems so you should consult your doctor or skin specialist as soon as possible.
- Skin patching
- Darkness of skin
Treatment of Melasma
This skin disorder is difficult to treat so because of that we have to follow some tips and rules to recover and come back to our normal skin tone. This skin disorder has no treatment that is specifically designed to treat it so we just have to follow some guidelines to improve your skin. Some medications help to cease the problem from increasing and spreading all over your face. These valuable tips and medications are mentioned below:
- Use some medications according to instructions that your doctor prescribes you.
- Give your treatment proper time for faster recovery.
- Save your skin from harmful rays coming out from the sun.
- Don’t scrub your skin.
- Don’t touch your skin again and again.
- Try makeup corrector to conceal the spots as it makes them less visible.
- The doctor may prescribe hydroquinone gel or creams.
- Vitamin C helps
- Vitamin E helps
- Tretinoins and corticosteroids are mostly used as medication.
The specialist may try to find out the root cause of Melasma because if any other medical condition is the cause of it, first that medical condition is treated to take control over the skin condition. After treatment of the root cause, some vitamins or medications can be prescribed for betterment.
Home Remedies for Melasma
Although there is no specific medication for Melasma some home remedies have proved to be very effective for the treatment of Melasma. These effective and easy home remedies are discussed below:
- Lemon juice
- Onion juice
- Aloe Vera gel
- Eat almonds
- Use cucumber
- Eat papaya
- Sandalwood helps
How a Dermatologist Diagnoses Melasma?
Dermatologists first look at your skin position and then completely analyze it. He will do a complete check-up and then may look under the skin with the help of the woods light tool. Dermatologists may do your skin biopsy to test the condition of your skin and then he will provide you with proper guidelines that you need to follow to make your skin condition better.